To assist students with preparing for their confirmation examination at St. Stephen Lutheran Church I prepared this set of audio recordings. The questions are divided into sections—roughly by topic. I recorded myself reading each question and then speaking the answer. Auditory learners will find memorization of answers to be easier using these recordings.

Background music by Ian M. Welch. Copyright © 2013. All rights reserved. Used with permission.

Questions 1–9

Question 1
Why is it important for both children and adults to know what the Bible says?
Only the Bible is able to show us the way of salvation through faith in Jesus Christ.

Question 2
In the Bible there are two major divisions. What names are given to those two parts or divisions?
The Old Testament and the New Testament.

Question 3
Who wrote the Scriptures of the Old Testament?
Moses and the prophets.

Question 4
Who wrote the Scriptures of the New Testament?
The Evangelists and the Apostles.

Question 5
Although specially chosen men wrote down the words contained in the Bible, who is really the author of all that the Bible contains?
God is the author of the Bible.

Question 6
What do we call that unique process by which God moved the writers of the Bible to write the exact words that they did?
Divine Inspiration.

Question 7
If someone were to ask you the question “What is the Bible?” how would you answer?
The Bible is God’s Word.
Question 8
We said the Bible has two major divisions – the Old Testament and the New Testament. In the Bible there are also two main doctrines or teachings. What are those two main teachings?
The Law and the Gospel.

Question 9
Which of these main teachings is found in the Old Testament, and which is found in the New Testament?
Both the Law and the Gospel are found in both the Old Testament and the New Testament.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 10-14

Question 10
We now want to look closely at God’s Law. In what two ways did God give us his Law?
He wrote it in the heart of human beings (Natural Law). He wrote it on two tablets of stone and gave it to Moses on Mount Sinai (Written Law).

Question 11
What name do we give to the written Law, which God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai?
The Ten Commandments.

Question 12
What important purpose does the Law serve?
It shows us that we are sinners who deserve death in hell and desperately need a Savior.

Question 13
When we look at ourselves in the mirror of God’s Law, what must all of us say about ourselves?
We are sinners who have broken God’s Law repeatedly.

Question 14
The Bible says that we can never make ourselves acceptable to God by our own works. What is the only way we can become acceptable in God’s sight?
By faith in Jesus Christ, our Savior.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 15-20

Question 15
Let’s now look at the Gospel – the other main teaching of the Bible. What does the word “Gospel” mean?
Good news.

Question 16
What is the “good news” that the Gospel presents to us?
That God loved us, even though we were sinners, and sent his Son, Jesus, to be our Savior.

Question 17
What brief summary of the Gospel do we have in the Catechism?
The Apostles’ Creed.

Question 18
Why are there three articles in the Apostles’ Creed?
There is one article for each person of the Triune God – Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Question 19
We call the God whom we worship the “Triune God.” What does the word “triune” mean?
Three in one.

Question 20
Why do you believe that God is triune, that is, three persons in one God?
The Bible clearly teaches it, since it speaks of God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 21–25

Question 21
In the First Article of the Apostles’ Creed, we confess that we “believe in” God the Father. What does it mean to “believe in God”?
To trust in God and take God at his Word.

Question 22
What do we call people who worship God and put their trust in Jesus Christ?
Believers or Christians.

Question 23
When we say in the First Article of the Apostles’ Creed that God is “the Maker of heaven and earth”, what great work are we ascribing to him?
The creation of the universe.

Question 24
Why do you believe that the universe was created by God in six days?
Because the Bible teaches creation from beginning to end.

Question 25
In addition to being our Maker or Creator, what else does God do for us?
He preserves us, protects us, and provides for our bodily needs.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 26–30

Question 26
The Second Article of the Apostles’ Creed speaks of the person and work of Jesus Christ. Who is Jesus Christ?
He is true God and true man.

Question 27
Can you explain how Jesus could be both God and man at the same time?
No, it is beyond our understanding.

Question 28
Why, then, do you believe that Jesus is both God and Man?
Because the Word of God clearly teaches this truth.

Question 29
Why was it necessary that Jesus be true Man?
He had to be man, so that he could live and die in our place.

Question 30
Why was it necessary that Jesus be true God?
He had to be God, so that his death would be a sufficient payment for all our sins.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 31–35

Question 31
What one word does the Bible use to describe the work that Jesus came to do?

Question 32
What is the picture behind that word “redemption”?
The setting free of a slave—“buying back.”

Question 33
What was the ransom price that Jesus paid to set us free from sin, death, and the devil?
His holy, precious blood.

Question 34
What does the Bible mean when it says that we are justified through the redemption that was in Christ Jesus?
It means that we were declared “not guilty” in the court of heaven.

Question 35
When Jesus died on the cross, a great exchange happened. Recite a Bible passage that tells about the Great Exchange.
2 Corinthians 5:21, “God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 36–46

Question 36
Because all of our sins have been forgiven through faith in Jesus, what will happen to us, if we die, or if the Day of Judgment comes?
We will be with God in heaven.

Question 37
What great event proved beyond a shadow of a doubt that God had accepted Jesus’ sacrifice for the sins of the world?
Jesus’ resurrection from the grave on Easter.

Question 38
Why do you believe that Jesus actually physically rose from the grave?
The Bible teaches that the resurrection happened. There were many eyewitnesses of the resurrection.

Question 39
What promise does Jesus make to all Christian believers based on his own resurrection from the grave?
All Christians will also rise from the grave.

Question 40
What happened forty days after Jesus’ resurrection?
He ascended into heaven.

Question 41
Why did Jesus return to heaven?
To prepare a place for us.

Question 42
When will Jesus return to this earth a second time?
On the last day—Judgment Day.

Question 43
When will that day be?
No one knows.

Question 44
What will be the Lord’s purpose, when he comes to this earth for the second time?
To judge the living and the dead.

Question 45
Do we have to fear the Lord’s Second Coming?
No, because we look forward to going to heaven.

Question 46
Since we don’t know when Jesus will come again, we must always be prepared. What alone can makeus ready and prepared for Jesus’ second coming?
Faith in Jesus.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 47–56

Question 47
The Third Article of the Apostles’ Creed speaks about the Holy Spirit. Who is the Holy Spirit?
The third person of the Triune God.

Question 48
What vital work does the Holy Spirit do?
He brings us to faith in Jesus.

Question 49
What does the Holy Spirit use to accomplish this work?
The Means of Grace.

Question 50
And what are the Means of Grace?
The Gospel in Word and Sacrament. These are the Holy Spirit’s tools.

Question 51
What do we call the process by which the Holy Spirit “turns someone around” and brings him to faith in Christ?

Question 52
Why does the Holy Spirit have to convert us? Why can’t we turn to God on our own?
By nature we are spiritually dead in our sins.

Question 53
What other important work does the Holy Spirit do after he brings us to faith?
He keeps us in the faith and enables us to do good works as fruits of faith.

Question 54
What do we call the large group of people whom the Holy Spirit has brought to faith in Christ?
The Holy Christian Church.

Question 55
Why does the Catechism say that the Holy Christian Church is an invisible body?
Because only God knows those who truly believe in him.

Question 56
There are many different visible churches and denominations. How do we know which of these churches we should belong to?
We should belong to a church that teaches the Word of God truthfully.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 57–63

Question 57
What happens to all of our sins when the Holy Spirit brings us to faith in Christ?
They are completely forgiven.

Question 58
Why can all of our sins be forgiven?
Jesus paid for every sin by dying on the cross.

Question 59
What does the Bible say will happen to all of the dead on the last day?
They will be raised.

Question 60
What will happen to unbelievers when they are raised on the last day?
They will be condemned to hell.

Question 61
What is hell?
A place of misery and torment where people will be forever separated from God.

Question 62
What will happen to believers, when they are raised on the last day?
They will enter into everlasting life.

Question 63
What kind of life will believers enjoy in eternity?
A life of perfection, joy, and glory.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 64–69

Question 64
What is prayer?
Prayer is a believer’s heart to heart talk with God.

Question 65
Why should Christians pray?
God has commanded us to pray and promised that he will hear us.

Question 66
In whose name should we pray to our heavenly Father?
In the name of Jesus.

Question 67
What words should we add to our prayers, if we are praying for earthly blessings?
We should say, “If it be your will, Lord.”

Question 68
When and how will God answer our prayers?
In his own time, in his own way, and in the way that is best for us.

Question 69
Which is the model prayer for Christians?
The Lord’s Prayer.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 70–71

Question 70
What are the three features of a sacrament?
1) It is a sacred act instituted by Christ. 2) It uses an earthly element we can see and touch. 3) It gives us the forgiveness of sins.

Question 71
How many sacraments are there, and what are they?
Two – the Sacrament of Holy Baptism and the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 72–78

Question 72
What is Baptism?
Baptism is not just plain water, but it is water used by God's command and connected with God's Word.

Question 73
What is that Word of God?
Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of Matthew, “Go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit!”

Question 74
How can water do such great things?
It is certainly not the water that does such things, but God's Word, which is in and with the water, and faith which trusts this Word used with the water. For without God's Word the water is just plain water and not Baptism. But with this Word it is Baptism. God's Word makes it a washing through which God graciously forgives our sin and grants us rebirth and a new life through the Holy Spirit.

Question 75
Where is this written in the Bible?
St. Paul says in Titus, chapter 3, “He saved us through the washing of rebirth and renewal by the Holy Spirit, whom he poured out on us generously through Jesus Christ our Savior, so that, having been justified by his grace, we might become heirs having the hope of eternal life. This is a trustworthy saying.”

Question 76
According to the words of Jesus’command, who is to be baptized?
All people of all nations.

Question 77
Give three reasons why children should be baptized as well as adults.
1)They are included in “all nations.” 2) They are sinful and need salvation. 3) Jesus says that they can have faith.

Question 78
What blessings do we receive through Baptism?
We receive the forgiveness of sins, adoption into God’s family, and eternal salvation.
Back to Table of Contents

Questions 79–85

Question 79
When did Jesus institute the Sacrament of Holy Communion?
On the night he was betrayed — Maundy Thursday.

Question 80
What is the Lord’s Supper or the Sacrament of Holy Communion?
It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ, under the bread and wine, for us Christians to eat and drink.

Question 81
What blessings do we receive through this eating and drinking?
That is shown us by these words, “Given and poured out for you for the forgiveness of sins.” Through these words we receive forgiveness of sins, life, and salvation in this sacrament. For where there is forgiveness of sins, there is also life and salvation.

Question 82
How can eating and drinking do such great things?
It is certainly not the eating and drinking that does such things, but the words, “Given and poured out for you for the forgiveness of sins.” These words are the main thing in this sacrament, along with the eating and drinking. And whoever believes these words has what they plainly say, the forgiveness of sins.

Question 83
Why do we believe that in the Lord’s Supper we actually receive the body and blood of Christ?
Jesus told us we do. The Bible declares this truth.

Question 84
For what purpose did Jesus institute the Lord’s Supper?
To assure us of the forgiveness of sins in a very personal way and to strengthen our faith.

Question 85
What does the Apostle Paul mean, when he says that we should “examine ourselves” before we partake of the Lord’s Supper?
We need to recognize our sinfulness, sincerely look to Christ in faith, and recognize the presence of the Lord’s body and blood.
Back to Table of Contents